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Chapter Four

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Chapter 4 - Public Participation and Involvement MCM 

4.0    Introduction

The public participation and involvement minimum control measure is the second of six measures the operator of a Phase II regulated small municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4) is required to include in its stormwater management program to meet the conditions of its National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit. 

According to the EPA, the public can provide valuable input and assistance to a regulated small MS4's municipal stormwater management program.  Therefore, the EPA requires that the public be given opportunities to play an active role in both the development and implementation of the program.  An active and involved community is crucial to the success of a stormwater management program because it allows for: broader public support by giving citizens partial responsibility of the program; shorter implementation schedules; a broader base of expertise and economic benefits; and a lead into other programs.

Like the previous chapter, each participation and involvement activity is accompanied by its own implementation schedule.  The implementation schedule informs the MS4 Operator and their designated personnel, of the tasks to be completed each year.   The MS4 Operator will require that the parties responsible for each participation activity record and report annually on the items to be tracked so that the MS4 Operator may include them in the annual report to IDEM.

Measurable Goal: The public participation and involvement program that follows aims to increase the number of persons residing within the corporate limits of Logansport that participate in stormwater quality programs by 5%.  The goal is to achieve the 5% participation increase by the end of the 5-year permit term.       

4.1    Initial Assessment of Constituents

As was stated in Chapter 3, the early stages of Logansport's Stormwater Quality Management Plan included a Water Quality Survey.  A copy of the survey is included in Appendix E.

Also stated in Chapter 3, of the 7,470 surveys that were sent out, 574 surveys were returned resulting in an 8% overall response rate.  While the majority of the surveys were filled out completely, a number of respondents skipped individual questions.  This was taken into account in the final percentages used to assess the public's knowledge about water quality issues. Each question was analyzed independently of the total number of surveys returned. The number of respondents that left a question unanswered was subtracted from the total number of respondents (574) in order to determine the percentage of recipients that did answer the respective question.

When asked how often they attended festivals and events, such as the 4-H Fair, that are known to address environmental issues the majority of recipients responded by saying that they sometimes or rarely attend (81%).  However, 7% of respondents indicated that they were unaware that such events existed.  The following public participation and involvement program will need to, at a minimum, first increase the public's awareness of such festivals and events and second, increase attendance while providing stormwater quality information and activities at these festivals and events.

When asked whether or not they participate in Logansport's recycling program, the majority of respondents (82%) indicated that they frequently participate.  The following public participation and involvement program will need to, at a minimum, support the current recycling efforts within the City of Logansport.

When asked whether or not they participate in community-wide clean-up projects, the majority of respondents (68%) indicated that they rarely volunteer.  Seventeen percent of respondents indicated that they were unaware that such activities took place.  The following public participation and involvement program may need to increase the public's awareness of such activities, but more importantly will need to, at a minimum, increase public attendance in community-wide clean-up projects.

Logansport's constituents will be re-evaluated for their participation in stormwater quality programs and projects at the end of the 5-year permit term.  This information should be used to assess, and if necessary, make changes to the public participation and involvement program submitted for the next permit term.

4.2    Public Participation Program

The following activities encompass the public participation and involvement program for the citizens of Logansport.          

4.2.1    Storm Drain Stenciling or Decaling

While educational in nature, storm drain stenciling directly and indirectly involves the public in the prevention of non-point source pollution; those citizens involved in stenciling activities as well as those citizens who spot and are able to identify stenciled drains as stormwater drains.

Stenciling or Decaling kits will be made available, for loan, at the LMU Field Offices on Bringhurst Street.  Stenciling or decaling kits will include the following items:

  • Storm drain stencils or decals

  • Door hanger cards or flyers

  • Map of stenciling area(s);

  • Parent or guardian permission slips;

  • Letter or authorization from the Stormwater Board to stencil or decal;

  • Traffic zone latex spray paint (note: one can = about ten drains);

  • Wire brush and whisk broom to clean gutter before painting or decaling;

  • Work gloves and safety goggles for kids;

  • Traffic safety vests and cones;

  • Garbage bags (one for wet stencils and one for litter headed for the drain and river);

  • A large open box to shield against drifting overspray; and

  • Clean-up rags.

The MS4 Operator shall also provide each group of participants with pollutant-tracking forms to record instances of dumping or littering. Participants will note storm drains that are clogged with debris or otherwise show obvious signs of dumping. This will enable City crews to target their cleanup efforts. Volunteers will be instructed in advance on what kinds of pollutants to look for and how to fill out data cards. The City will track all findings by the volunteers. 

4.2.1.1       Implementation Schedule

The implementation of storm drain stenciling or decaling shall be the responsibility of the MS4 Operator who will pursue the following schedule:

Year 1(ending Nov 2004): Approve the public participation activity described above.

Year 2 (ending Nov 2005): Create a list of community groups, service organizations, homeowner associations, and youth groups to conduct stenciling projects, as well as a training program for group leaders. Identify and record stenciling locations.  Create storm drain stenciling kits.  Stencil a portion of the city's storm drains, paying particular attention to areas with greater pollution problems. 

Year 3 (ending Nov 2006): Stencil remaining stormwater drains. 

Year 4 (ending Nov 2007): Inspect and re-stencil, if necessary, the drains stenciled in year two.    

Year 5 (ending Nov 2008): Inspect and re-stencil, if necessary, the drains stenciled in year three.   

4.2.1.2       Items to be Tracked

The following items will be recorded on the corresponding reporting form located at the end of this chapter. 

  • The number of stenciling or decaling kits;

  • Number and list of locations suspected of illicit discharges or spills;

  • Estimated number of participants in attendance; and

  • The number of drains stenciled or decaled.

4.2.2        Stream-Side and Litter Clean-Up

Individual stream-side and litter clean-up efforts by community groups, such as cub scouts, are known to occur. These efforts will be encouraged and supported by the Stormwater Management Board, on behalf of the City of Logansport, with respect to this Stormwater Quality Management Plan.

4.2.2.1       Implementation Schedule

The implementation of stream-side and litter clean-up shall be the responsibility of the MS4 Operator who will pursue the following schedule:

Year 1 (ending Nov 2004): Approve the public participation activity described above.

Year 2 (ending Nov 2005): Identify groups and organizations capable of and willing to participate in an annual stream-side and litter clean-up event.  Organize and conduct an annual clean-up event.

Year 3 (ending Nov 2006): Organize and conduct an annual clean-up event.

Year 4 (ending Nov 2007): Organize and conduct an annual clean-up event.

Year 5 (ending Nov 2008): Organize and conduct an annual clean-up event.

4.2.2.2       Items to be Tracked

The following items will be recorded on the corresponding reporting form located at the end of this chapter. 

  • Estimated number of volunteers; and

  • Number of bags of waste collected.

         4.2.3    Household Hazardous Waste Collection

The Cass County Solid Waste District (CCSWD) holds an annual Household Hazardous Waste day in October. All of the material collected is properly disposed of and paid for by the CCSWD. The CCSWD also talks at many schools on trash reduction and recycling, as part of their efforts to educate the public.  This program both educates the public on opportunities to properly dispose of household hazardous wastes such as motor oil, antifreeze, paint, batteries, and pesticides as well as provides the citizens of Logansport an opportunity to participate in stormwater quality management activities on an annual basis.

4.2.3.1       Implementation Schedule

The implementation of household hazardous waste collection shall be the responsibility of the Director of CCSWD in cooperation with the MS4 Operator who will pursue the following schedule:

Year 1 (ending Nov 2004): Approve the public participation activity described above.

Year 2 (ending Nov 2005): Coordinate with the CCSWD to track and then report on the measurable goals listed below.

Year 3 (ending Nov 2006): Coordinate with the CCSWD to track and then report on the measurable goals listed below.

Year 4 (ending Nov 2007): Coordinate with the CCSWD to track and then report on the measurable goals listed below.

Year 5 (ending Nov 2008): Coordinate with the CCSWD to track and then report on the measurable goals listed below.

4.2.3.2       Items to be Tracked

The following items will be recorded on the corresponding reporting form located at the end of this chapter. 

  • Date of hazardous waste collection;

  • Estimated number of participants (number of households); and

  • Amount of waste collected.

4.2.4    Incident Reporting

An incident reporting phone line, and address, will be established with the purpose of providing the public a means of reporting illicit discharges and spills as well as to inquire, share concerns about or request information concerning local construction activities. In addition, all written reports, concerns, comments, and requests will be tracked through the same departmental office. Both written and verbal communication will be tracked and routed to the appropriate party if action is required to be taken.
 

4.2.4.1    Implementation Schedule

The implementation of an incident reporting program shall be the responsibility of the MS4 Operator who will pursue the following schedule:

Year 1 (ending Nov 2004): Approve the public participation activity described above.

Year 2 (ending Nov 2005): Identify a department or office, including the phone number, address and procedures for tracking incoming calls and messages.  Advertise the phone number and address in newspapers, on the City's website as well as other feasible means of communication. Begin tracking the measurable goal listed below. 

Year 3 (ending Nov 2006): Advertise the phone number and address in newspapers, on the City's website as well as other feasible means of communication.  Track the measurable goal listed below.

Year 4 (ending Nov 2007): Advertise the phone number and address in newspapers, on the City's website as well as other feasible means of communication.  Track the measurable goal listed below.

Year 5 (ending Nov 2008): Advertise the phone number and address in newspapers, on the City's website as well as other feasible means of communication.  Track the measurable goal listed below.

4.2.4.2       Items to be Tracked

The following items will be recorded on the corresponding reporting form located at the end of this chapter. 

  • Number and type of advertisements for the phone line;

  • Number of illicit discharges and spills reported by constituents; and

  • Number of inquiries, concerns, and requests for information concerning local construction activities.

4.3    Consistency with the Long-Term Control Plan (LTCP)

As was done in Chapter 3, the Logansport Municipal Utility Long-Term Control Plan was reviewed for its public participation component to ensure that the public participation efforts of this Stormwater Management Plan were neither in conflict with, nor duplicating the efforts of the LTCP.

The LTCP allows for public attendance and input at Stormwater Board and LMU Utility Service Board meetings with the purpose of increasing public awareness concerning the decrease or elimination of CSOs. Therefore, the public participation efforts of this SWQMP, which aim to involve the public in stormwater quality issues as a result of impervious surfaces and non-point source pollution are not in conflict with or a duplication of public participation efforts of the LTCP.

Previous Page - Chapter 3.2.3 ~ Back To List of Chapters ~ Next Page - Chapter 4.2.1a

 

Logansport Municipal Utilities
601 East Broadway #101
Logansport, Indiana 46947

Telephone: (574) 753-6231
Fax: (574) 753-9828
lm.ut@verizon.net

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